Bladder infections or urinary tract infections are also known as cystitis. Women often notice an abrupt onset of symptoms, which include burning with urination, urinating more frequently than usual, and abdominal pain. If a urinary tract infection has spread to the kidneys (also known as pyelonephritis) a woman may experience fever and back pain.

Urinary tract infections are caused by spread of bacteria that normally reside in the rectum into the urethra and bladder. Several situations increase your risk of getting a urinary tract infection, among them, recent intercourse, delayed emptying of your bladder after intercourse, and use of a diaphragm.

Many women with one urinary tract infection will have multiple urinary tract infections. Your physician will grow out your urine before and after treatment to be sure treatment is completely irradicating the bacteria. Additionally, it may be helpful to empty your bladder completely after each episode of intercourse. The ultimate treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections will be up to your doctor. She may recommend staying on a medicine that suppresses bacteria consistently, taking medication after intercourse, or taking medication as soon as you notice symptoms.